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Showing posts with the label Al'adu (Traditions)

BIKIN VALENTINE: RANAR MASOYA KO RANAR MAGUZAWA?

BIKIN VALENTINE: RANAR MASOYA KO RANAR MAGUZAWA?

BISSMILLAHIR RAHMANIR RAHEEM.
Dukkan yabo da godiya sun tabbata ga Allaah mai girma da ɗaukaka. Tsira da amincin Allaah su ƙara tabbata ga Manzon Allahu, Annabi Muhammad sallallahu alaihi wa sallam, mutanen gidansa, sahabbansa da ma dukkan wanda ya biyo bayansu da kyautatawa har zuwa ranar sakamako.
GABATARWA
Bikin Ranar Masoya, watau Valentine's Day a turance kenan kamar yadda ake kiransa, biki ne da akan yi shagalinsa a kowace ranar 14 ga watan Afrilu, ma'ana dai sau ɗaya ake yinsa a cikin shekara.
Ita dai wannan rana, rana ce wacce miliyoyin mutane daga dukkan sassan duniya suke murnar zagayowarta a kowace shekara. Duk da cewa an ɗauki wannan rana a matsayin ranar murnar tunawa da wani waliyyin kiristoci ne mai suna Valentinus, irin wannan rana a yau ta kasance ana alaƙanta ta ne da bikin soyayya, nishaɗi da kuma jin daɗi a mafi yawancin wurare a duniya. 
A irin wannan rana, masoya a ko'ina a faɗin duniya kan aikawa jun…

ASALIN FARA RUBUTUN BOKO DA BUNKASAR HARSHEN HAUSA (KASHI NA UKU) DAGA SADIQ TUKUR GWARZO

ASALIN FARA RUBUTUN BOKO DA BUNKASAR HARSHEN HAUSA
(KASHI NA UKU)
DAGA SADIQ TUKUR GWARZO
Bunkasar Harshen Hausa
Abisa fahimta irin tamu, yaren hausa gamayya ce ta haifar dashi. Littafin Babil mai tsarki ya faɗi cewar shekaru da dama da suka gabata (misalin shekaru dubu takwas da suka gabata), mutanen duniya da harshe ɗaya kurum suke amfani, sai daga baya yaruka suka rinka samuwa ta yadda zuwa yanzu akwai kimanin yaruka dubu bakwai a faɗin duniyar nan. Ina tsammanin Littafin Alqur'ani maigirma bai yi magana irin wannan ba, amma duk da haka maganar data fito daga Babil na iya tabbatuwa a kimiyance tunda dai munsan cewa Allah Ubangiji ne ya saukar da littattafan duka guda biyu.
Samuwar harshen hausa na iya zamowa daga haɗakar kalmomi na waɗansu yaruka mabanbanta. Ma'ana, tana iya kasancewa karo-karon kalmomi daga yaruka daban-daban ne ya haɗu ya samar da yaren hausa kachokan ɗinsa, hakan kuwa na iya faruwa ne idan muka kalli hausawan su kansu zamuga cewa kabilu ne da dama suka cakuɗu…

ASALIN FARA RUBUTUN BOKO DA BUNKASAR HARSHEN HAUSA (kashi na biyu) Daga Sadiq Tukur Gwarzo

ASALIN FARA RUBUTUN BOKO DA BUNKASAR HARSHEN HAUSA
(kashi na biyu)
Daga Sadiq Tukur Gwarzo
Faruwar wannan lamari yasa Gwamna Lugga ya tura sako ga kasarsu Ingila a rohoton da yake turawa gami da labarta musu abinda ya sami Kyaftin Moloney. Shine har yake faɗa musu cewa ba lalle ne ace tafintan Kyaftin Moloney da gayya yayi wannan kasassaɓar ba, amma watakila hakan ta faru ne saboda rashin samun wata fahimta da Kyaftin Moleney yayi dangane da yaren hausa tayadda har ya kasa tantance tsakanin abinda yake karantawa da abinda tafintan sa yake faɗa.
Don haka a karshe Lugga ya bada shawarar cewa a ganinsa mafitar kare aukuwar irin wannan hadari anan gaba shine turawan mulki 'yan uwansa su koyi hausa.
(D.J.M Muffet, concerning Brave Captain, London 1964.)
Ai kuwa hakan akayi, domin an samu cewa Ingila ta bada odar kowanne jami'inta ya fara koyon harshen hausa, an buga sanarwar fara yiwa jami'an mulkin mallaka jarabawar auna fahimtar harshen hausa a jaridar Northern Gazette ta ranar 30 …

ASALIN FARA RUBUTUN BOKO DA BUNKASAR HARSHEN HAUSA (kashi na ɗaya) DAGA SADIQ TUKUR GWARZO

ASALIN FARA RUBUTUN BOKO DA BUNKASAR HARSHEN HAUSA
(kashi na ɗaya)
DAGA SADIQ TUKUR GWARZO
Kafin karni na sha tara, kuma kafin zuwan turawan mulkin mallaka kasar hausa, ɗaukacin masana sun haɗu akan cewa babu rubutun AaBaCaDa a kasar hausa, rubutun hausa da larabci (Ajami) kaɗai aka sani.
Shi kansa rubutun na Ajami, dattijo Marigayi Alh Muhammad Koki ya faɗa mana cewa yaji kaka-da-kakanni cewa asalin hausa babu rubutu har sai lokacin da larabawa suka kawo musulunci. A lokacin ne aka rinka amfani da rubutun larabci wajen sadarwa a rubuce. Har ma yace a wancan zamanin, idan kanaso ka tura wani sako ga wani ɗan uwanka dake rayuwa acan nesa dakai, sai dai kaje ka samu malami daya kware a fannin larabci, ka faɗi masa sakon shikuma yana rubutawa da alkalami a takarda, sannan ka biya lada, kai kuma ka naɗe sakon ka turawa ɗanuwan naka ta hanyar fatake. Shima ɗan uwan idan ya samu sakon, haka zaije ga malami wanda ya iya karatun larabci ya karanta masa sakon gami da fassarawa.
Sai Alhaji Muhammad …

TARIHIN TSOFFIN BIRANEN HAUSA: BAƊARI DA GOƊIYA

Tarihin Tsoffin Biranen Hausa: Baɗari da Goɗiya.

Daga Sadiq Tukur Gwazo
08060869978

A mafi ingancin zance, maguzawa ne suka fara kafa garuruwa a kasar hausa. Muna iya cewa ma sune asalin hausawa. Amma dai, bari kuji abinda muka samu daga tarihin waɗannan tsoffin garuruwa guda biyu.
Garin Baɗari.
Wannan gari yana da tsohon tarihi. Ya kamata kuma a sanyashi a sahun tsoffin biranen hausawa.
Tarihi ya nuna cewa, wani bamaguje mai suna Bugau shine wanda ya kafa wannan tsohon gari shekaru da dama da suka gabata. Ance garin ya riganyi Garuruwan Goɗiya dana Kano da kafuwa. Tsiransu da kano shekaru takwas ne, domin kuwa shi Bagauda daya kafa kano ance ai kanine ga Bugau.
Zuwa yanzu dai babu takamaimen tarihin daga inda Bugau da kaninsa Bagauda suka taho, babu labarin kabilar su kuma ko na iyayensu, amma dai labari ya nuna cewa su biyun duk 'yanuwan juna ne, kuma da hausa suke magana, tana iya yiwuwa ma Bagauda ya zauna a Baɗari kafin daga bisani ya tashi ya riski kano kuma har ya sareta ta zama g…

KOKAWA: TARIHI DA TASIRI

KOKAWA: TARIHI DA TASIRI
DAGA SADIQ TUKUR GWARZO
Kokawa ba kurum wasa bane, al'ada ce da mutum yayo gado shekara da shekaru.
Wani masani Kendall Blanchard ya kalli kokawa a matsayin daɗaɗɗen wasa acikin abinda ya rubuta a littafinsa mai suna 'The Anthropology of sports: An Introduction' saboda duba da yadda yace mutanen farko sun rinka zana hotunan masu kokawa a jikin kogunan duwatsu da kuma tarin mutane suna kewaye dasu suna kallo.
Amma dai mafi yawan masana kimiyyar salsalar ɗan adam suna kallon kokawa a matsayin daɗaɗɗen abu wadda ake amfani da ita wajen gane jarumi a tsakanin mazaje ba kurum a matsayin wasa ba.
Zuwa yanzu, yana da wuya a iya faɗar inda aka soma kokawa, ko kuma waɗanda suka soma yinta. Amma dai, idan muka kalli abin ta fuskar addinai, muna iya hasashen cewa 'ya'yayen Annabi Adamu watau Habila da Kabila ne suka soma karawa a junansu bisa saɓanin fahimta daya shiga tsakaninsu. Har daga bisani ɗaya ya kashe ɗaya.
Yazo a rubututtukan masana kimiyyar salsa…

FOR THE SALT

For the SaltFrom the beautiful Tunisian tradition in honoring women and recognizing them on the morning of Eid al-Fitr. Tunisian husbands have this habit which they call "For the Salt."
The wife receives her husband when he returns from the Eid prayer.
She would be on her best look, after she has cleaned the house, and arranged it, and put a pleasant smell.She will be holding on her hands a plate of sweets and a cup of coffee.
The husband drinks his coffee, but does not return the cup empty, he returns it with a piece of gold or silver, according to how much he can afford.This gift is called "For the Salt."
It means honoring the lady of the house and recognising her beauty, patience and tiredness during the month of Ramadan.
As for us here, we are not seeing "For the Salt" nor "For the Sugar", not even for the heat we get from the oven.
Spread this awareness.

CIYAYYA

CIYAYYA
Assalamu Alaikum Warahmatullah
Wabarakatuhu.
Masu iya magana dai na cewa :
‘Kowa Ya Tuna bara bai ji dadin bana
ba’, wannan magana haka take,
domin kuwa halin da mutane suke
ciki a wannan lokacin sai dai muce
Alhamulillah. Sai dai, ina da wata
Shawari da nake fatar ta zama sauki
ga ‘Yan Uwa na Musulmi da Hausawa
baki daya.
A Zamanin da, Iyaye da Kakannin mu
suna da wata Al’ada da ake kira da
“CIYAYYA”. Ita dai wannan Al’ada,
ana Yinta ne kusan kullum kamar
haka : Abokai ne guda biyu ko kuma
sama da haka (masu aure ko Samari)
zasu dinga taruwa a kofar gidan su
daya daga cikin su ko kuma a wani
wuri na Musamman bayan Sallar
Magariba ko Isha’i, kowa in zai zo,
zai zo ne da Kwanon abincin daren
sa na wannan ranar,wasu kuma yara
ma ake turawa sukai abincin har
Wajen zaman iyayen nasu. Yayinda
wadannan abokai suka taru, sukan
Gaggaisa da juna sannan a danyi
Barkwanci a Tsakanin Juna, daga
baya kuma sai kowa ya wanke hannu
a fara cin abinci, in an gama cin na
wannan sai a ci na wanca…