Showing posts with label EDUCATION. Show all posts
Showing posts with label EDUCATION. Show all posts

IMPACT OF EXCESSIVE SCHOOL PRESSURE ON CHILDREN


LIFE IS TOO HARD: IMPACT OF EXCESSIVE SCHOOL PRESSURE ON CHILDREN

Case A: Abdul is an 8-year-old Primary 4 school boy who is usually cheerful and happy. However, he is struggling to cope with the sheer volume of home work they were expected to complete on a daily basis. His Mother, a busy medical doctor initially attempted to help him, but soon realized that she could not cope. The assignments sometimes took them 2 – 3 hours to complete – even with her guidance and help. So, she gave up and employed a lesson teacher to help him with the homework. Thus, Abdul would return from school at about 4.30pm, eat lunch, rest for about 30 minutes and then Lessons will start at 5.30pm. On the average, the lessons would end at about 7.30pm or 8.00pm. At which time he would have dinner, say his prayers and then retire at 9.00pm.

He gradually became withdrawn and looked pensive most days. When his mother eventually noticed, she decided to have a chat with him. ‘Abdul, I noticed you don’t look so happy these days. Is there a problem at school? Anyone or something bothering you?’ She enquired. ‘No Mum’, he replied. ‘I have nice friends and the teachers are good. It is just that life is too hard’. ‘Life is too hard? What are you thinking about and how did you come to that conclusion?’ His mother, was clearly alarmed at this stage, but struggled to act calmly, as she was determined to get to the root of the matter. She sat up straight and encouraged him to share, by wrapping her arms around him. ‘Well, I have so much homework to do every day and I feel overwhelmed. My teachers always remind us to work very hard and I am feeling under too much pressure. I hardly get to play anymore or ride my bicycle. I don’t seem to be understanding my lessons anymore, but I don’t want to disappoint you and Daddy. That’s why I said life is too hard, Mummy’. ‘Okay, Abdul. I understand now and I agree that the work load may be too much really. I want you to relax and take it easy. No homework or lessons for you today. Off you go to ride your bicycle’. Abdul’s face brightened immediately and he ran off. As he exited the building, his Mother sighed and resolved to discuss this with his father and possibly have a word with the school teachers.

Discussion
A number of schools appear to have no clear understanding of early child development and developmental psychology. Thus, they ignore or may be unaware that the most important task of childhood is to play, socialize and learn at their own pace. Instilling good habits, learning manners, building their self-esteem and confidence, learning to interact with peers and adults in a respectful and considerate manner are far more important building blocks in preschool and early to mid-primary school. The additional learning milestone is to promote their curiosity and promote learning and seeking for information as a form of adventure that opens up new information.

The most important task of early education is simply to teach them to read and write. And to learn the rudiments of mathematics, while promoting their interest in other subjects as a form of exploration. The excessive focus on children aged 4 – 10 years offering as many as 15 subjects and being pressurized to do very well on all the subjects is unhealthy. Thus, parents struggle to cope and end up employing lesson teachers. Ultimately, the end result is that the innocent children are made to study for nearly 12 hours every single day. This is nothing but sheer wickedness and torture.

Sometimes, the unhealthy pressure is from the parents: My child must graduate from the University by the age of 20 years, so he/she must skip primary 5 and 6 and go straight from Primary 4 into secondary school. Etc. This perspective fails to take into consideration, the fact that growth is not just physical but also emotional and psychological. While some children will appear to have coped without complications, the majority will struggle to fit into a much older class, to make new friends and to blend in. They lose out on having a normal childhood and attaining normal developmental milestones of maturation with their peers. For some children, they simply fall apart, fall into bad company or turn to drugs to help them cope or feel accepted.

Conclusion
Schools and parents need to wake up and protect our children from unnecessary pressure that achieves nothing but useless bragging rights. Childhood is to be enjoyed, so please stop stealing it from our precious children. Let them enjoy optimal emotional wellbeing and learn, play and mature at their own pace.

Jibril Abdulmalik
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Guide your children on 2019 JAMB Subject Combination For Science and Other Courses

Guide your children on 2019 JAMB Subject Combination For Science and Other Courses


*The full list of JAMB Subject Combinations for all courses are as follows:*

Medicine and Surgery:
Use of English, Biology, Physics and Chemistry.

Agricultural Engineering:
Use of English, Mathematics, Physics and Chemistry.

Computer Science:
Use of English, Mathematics, Physics and one of Biology, Chemistry, Agric Science, Economics and Geography.

Biochemistry:
Use of English, Biology, Physics and Chemistry.

Biological Sciences:
Use of English, Biology, Chemistry and Physics or Mathematics.

Physics:
Use of English, Physics, Mathematics and Chemistry or Biology.

Mathematics:
Use of English, Mathematics and any two of Physics, Chemistry, Economics, Biology and Agricultural Science.

Chemistry:
Use of English, Chemistry and two of Physics, Biology and Mathematics.

Nursing:
Use of English, Physics, Biology and Chemistry.

Food, Science and Technology:
Use of English, Chemistry, Mathematics / Physics and Agricultural Science.

Pharmacy:
Use of English, Biology, Physics and Chemistry.

Industrial Chemistry:
Use of English, Chemistry, Mathematics and any of Physics /Biology /Agricultural Science.

Fisheries:
Use of English, Chemistry, Biology/ Agricultural Science and any other Science subject.

Geology:
Use of English and any three Chemistry, Physics, Mathematics, Biology and Geography.

Geography:
Use of English, Geography and any two of Mathematics, Biology, Chemistry, Physics and Agricultural Science.

Surveying an Geoinformatics:
Use of English, Physics, Mathematics, and any of Chemistry, Geography, Art, Biology and Economics.

Statistics:
Use of English, Mathematics and any two of Physics, chemistry, agricultural science and economics.

Building:
Use of English, Physics, Mathematics, and any of Chemistry, Geography, Art, Biology and Economics.

Microbiology:
Use of English, Biology, Chemistry and either Physics or Mathematics.

Botany:
Use of English, Biology, Chemistry and any other Science subject.

Zoology:
Use of English, Biology and any two of Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics.

Pure and Applied Mathematics:
Use of English, Mathematics, Physics and Biology or Agric Science or Chemistry or Geography.

Agriculture:
English, Chemistry, Biology /Agriculture and any one of Physics and Mathematics.

Agricultural Economics:
English Language, Chemistry, Biology/ Agricultural Science and Mathematics.

Agric-Extension:
English, Chemistry, Biology/ Agricultural Science plus Mathematics or Physics.

Agronomy:
English, Chemistry, Biology or Agriculture and Physics or Mathematics.

Animal Production and Science:
Use of English, Chemistry, Biology/Agric Science and Physics/Mathematics.

Crop Production and Science:
English, Chemistry, Biology /Agriculture and Mathematics or Physics.

Soil Science:
English, Chemistry, Biology or Agricultural Science plus Mathematics or Physics.

Veterinary Science:
English, Physics, Chemistry and Biology

Forestry:
Use of English, Chemistry, Biology or Agriculture and Physics or Mathematics.

Civil Engineering:
Use of English, Mathematics, Physics and Chemistry.

Chemical Engineering:
Use of English, Mathematics, Physics and Chemistry.

Computer Engineering:
Use of English, Mathematics, Physics and Chemistry.

Electrical Engineering:
Use of English, Mathematics, Physics and Chemistry.

Electronic Engineering:
Use of English, Mathematics, Physics and Chemistry.

Marine Engineering:
Use of English, Mathematics, Physics and Chemistry.

Mechanical Engineering:
Use of English, Mathematics, Physics and Chemistry.

Metallurgical and Materials Engineering:
Use of English, Mathematics, Physics and Chemistry.

Petroleum and Gas Engineering:
Use of English, Mathematics, Physics and Chemistry.



Systems Engineering:
Use of English, Mathematics, Physics and Chemistry.

Structural Engineering:
Use of English, Mathematics, Physics and Chemistry.

Production and Industrial Engineering:
Use of English, Mathematics, Physics and Chemistry.

Architecture:
English, Physics, Mathematics, and any of Chemistry, Geography, Art, Biology and Economics.

Quantity Surveying:
Use of English, Physics, Mathematics, and any of Chemistry, Geography, Art, Biology and Economics.

Urban and Regional Planning:
English, Mathematics, Geography and one of Economics, Physics, Chemistry.

Estate Management:
Use of English, Mathematics, Economics and one other subject.

Anatomy:
English, Mathematics, Biology and Chemistry or Physics.

Dentistry:
Use of English, Chemistry, Biology and one Science subject.

Medical Laboratory Science:
English Language, Physics, Chemistry and Biology.

Medical Rehabilitation:
Use of English, Physics, Chemistry and Biology.

Physiology:
Use of English, Biology, Physics and Chemistry.

Physiotherapy:
Use of English, Biology, Physics and Chemistry.

Radiography:
Use of English, Biology, Physics and Chemistry.

Veterinary Medicine:
Use of English, Biology, Physics and Chemistry.

JAMB Subject Combination for Social Sciences:
Accountancy:
Use of English, Mathematics, Economics and any other Social Science subject.

Business Administration:
Use of English, Mathematics, Economics and any other Social Science subject.

Public Administration:
Use of English, Government, Economics and any other subject.

Banking and Finance:
Use of English, Mathematics, one Social Science subject and any other subject.

Economics:
Use of English, Mathematics, Economics and any of Government, History, Geography, Literature in English, French and CRK/IRK.

Demography and Social Statistics:
Use of English, Mathematics, Economics/ Geography and any other subject.

Geography:
Use of English, Geography and two other Arts or Social Science subjects.

Library Science:
Use of English and Any three Arts or Social Science subjects.

Mass Communication:
Use of English and any three from Arts or Social Science subjects.

Sociology:
Use of English, Three Social Science or Arts subjects.

Political Science:
Use of English, Government or History plus two other Social Science/ Arts subjects.

Philosophy:
Use of English, Government and any other two subjects.

Psychology:
Use of English, Any three subjects from Arts or Social Science.

Religious Studies:
Use of English Language, CRK/IRS and any two other subjects.

Social Works:
Use of English Language, Mathematics, Economics/ Geography and any other subject.

Sociology and Anthropology:
Use of English, Three Social Science or Arts Subjects.

Industrial Relations:
Use of English, Mathematics, Economics plus one other relevant subject.

Human Resources Management:
Use of English, Economics, Government and any other relevant subjects.

International Relations:
Use of English, Economics, Literature- in English and Geography /Government / History.


Business Management:
Use of English, Mathematics, Economics and one other subject.

Cooperative and Rural Development:
Use of English, Mathematics, Economics plus one other subject.

Tourism:
English, Mathematics, Economics and any other subject.

Marketing:
Use of English, Mathematics, Economics plus one other relevant Subject.

Insurance:
English, Mathematics, Economics and one other subject.

JAMB Subject Combination for Arts:
Arabic and Islamic Studies:
Use of English, Arabic and Two subjects from Arts and/or Social Sciences.

Christian Religious Studies:
Use of English, Two Arts subjects including Christian Religious Knowledge and any other subject.

Fine and Applied Arts:
Use of English Language, Fine Art and two other Arts subjects or Social Science subject.

Theatre Arts:
Use of English, Lit. in English and two other relevant subjects.

Linguistics:
English, Two relevant Arts subjects and any other subject.

English and International Studies:
Use of English, Literature in English, Government or History or any other Arts subjects.

French:
English, French and any other two subjects from Arts and Social Sciences.

English Language:
Use of English, Lit.-in-English, one other Arts subject and another Arts or Social Science subject.

Hausa:
English, Hausa, Lit in English and any of Economics, Government, History and Arabic.

History and International Studies:
Use of English, History /Government and any other two subjects from Arts & Social Science.

Islamic Studies:
English, Islamic Religious Studies plus two other Arts subjects.

Igbo:
English, Igbo and two subjects from Arts and social Sciences.

Mass Communication:
Use of English, Any three Arts and Social Science subjects.

Music:
Use of English, Music, one other Arts subject plus any other subject.

Philosophy:
Use of English, Any three subjects.

Religious Studies:
English, CRK/IRS and any two other subjects.

Yoruba:
Use of English, Yoruba and two other subjects in Arts or Social Sciences.

Anthropology:
Use of English, Any three of History, CRK/IRK, Geography, Economics, Literature in English and French.

Criminology and Security Studies:
English, Economics, Government, and any one of the following: History, Geography, Literature in English,‎ French, IRK, Hausa.

Law:
English, Literature, Economics and any other Art Subject.

Civil Law:
English Language and Any three Arts or Social Science subjects.

Islamic / Sharia Law:
Use of English Language and Any three Art or social science subjects including Arabic or Islamic.
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